In June 2017, we released an infographic looking at the ‘bigger picture’ of what makes us healthy. It identified eight factors, outside of health care, that influence people’s opportunity to live a healthy life.

One of these factors is our surroundings – this month’s infographic (shown below) looks at how health is influenced by how places, spaces and buildings make us feel, and the opportunities they provide.

How do our surroundings influence our health?

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A few observations from a recent train journey from London to Swansea and an interesting development in Welsh legislation may help to bring our latest infographic to life. The last twenty minutes of this train route takes you from Port Talbot to Swansea – from the UK’s largest steelworks, through green space and smaller towns and suburbs, to the centre of Wales’ second largest city. As with similar stretches across the UK, the environments in which people live, work and play can change significantly over a matter of metres or miles.

These changes in geography are often accompanied by significant changes in the length of time people are likely to live in good health: the healthy life expectancy gap between the most and least deprived parts of the UK is 19 years. In part, this gap often results from differences in the opportunities provided by people’s local environment. Our new infographic illustrates how good surroundings can enable people to:

  • be more physically active
  • feel safe and secure
  • use facilities and services
  • socialise and play

While this list isn’t exhaustive, it highlights some important examples of the benefits of good surroundings.

Our infographic also reveals some significant inequalities in access to these opportunities. Children in deprived areas are nine times less likely to have access to places to play, and people who live near poorly maintained green space are understandably less likely to use it.

So what does this mean for health? To give just one example, a study in the Lancet in July 2017 identified nine key risk factors for dementia. Among them were social isolation, physical inactivity and associated diseases such as type 2 diabetes. These factors can be prevented through taking action on aspects of our wider environment. From allotments to football pitches, some of the facilities and spaces dotted along my train route are perfect examples of how our surroundings can create opportunities for people to socialise and be physically active.

We want every person in the UK to have access to the opportunities to live a healthy life. For this to happen, change is required in how we think about and act on the relationship between our surroundings and health.

In this infographic, we identify three important steps.

  1. There needs to be a fundamental shift in how we perceive improvements in our surroundings – not as an added extra but as a key determinant of our health. An example of this in action is the new Public Health (Wales) Act. This requires prospective policies to go through a Health Impact Assessment to foresee the likely impact on health. This means that planning decisions that affect people’s surroundings may become inextricably linked to health.
  2. There needs to be greater recognition of how improving surroundings can also help protect the environment and support local economies, which in turn impact on health. For example, design features such as seating, greenery and restricting traffic can increase retail footfall by around 30%.
  3. Finally, the views and knowledge of local communities are vital in creating environments that offer the opportunities that people want and need.

Underlying these necessary changes is an important point about how we understand and talk about health more generally. Once off the train, a taxi driver asked me what I did for a living. I told him that I worked for a health charity. He laughed and said ‘not a sick charity then’. He was spot on. To improve the health of the UK population, we need to look beyond ill health, to determinants like our surroundings that can create good health.

We will continue to focus on our surroundings and health throughout August through releasing a number of guest blogs with a range of perspectives on this theme. Sign up to receive updates on our work in this area.

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You can also download the latest infographic to use in your work:

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Download the infographic (PDF)


Further reading

Community health creation in Cliftonville West

A group of residents from one of the UK's poorest areas has shown how engaging communities in their own development can achieve significant improvements in residents’ lives and wellbeing.




How about access to clean air?

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Sylvia Webb

I am Hard of Hearing/deaf with cochlear implants. With 1 in 6 of us having a hearing loss (roughly 50% of 50yr olds, 60% of 60 year olds, 70%of 70 yr olds etc), acoustics are incredibly, incredibly important to allowing us to communicate comfortably. Roughly a third of all those with Hearing loss are of working age too, so it matters in the place of work too! It is unbelievable that so many Day Centres for the elderly now have nearly all hard surfaces, no carpets, no curtailing, even no table cloths etc etc, which makes for horrendously noisy situations for the elderly (who need help most) to try to chat with each other. No mention is made of how to help folk who struggle with their hearing, whether they realise they have a problem or not. They end up by voting with their feet because they just find the situation too tiring and folk aren’t friendly!! How can they be friendly when the background noise (tv, noise bouncing off hard surfaces, clatter of cutlery, and general chatter etc etc) is often overwhelming?). Please please ..... remember lights get switched on without thinking but making it comfortable to hear is forgotten .... and providing loop systems which staff are trained in how to use and maintain (and turn on!) never comes into the picture. They are fantastic when they work properly, are in the right place, the appropriate one for the situation, and when the audiologist has activated the hearing aid switch - it is very, very, very rare for the hearing aid to be at fault. Please remember this group of people ... it’s getting bigger everyday and more and more folk are becoming isolated due to inaction on these points. We know how to help ......


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