Income
There is a well-established link between income and variations in health, with people on lower incomes more likely to report poor health

£1,000
increase in household income is associated with a 0.7 year increase in female healthy life expectancy.
32%
of people in the lowest income category report less than good health. For the highest income category the figure is 11%.
42%
is how much household income has grown for working-age families between 1994/95 and 2018/19, compared with 81% for pensioners.

There is a well-established link between income and variations in health, with people on lower incomes more likely to report poor health. It is not simply the case that those in poverty have worse health than everyone else. Across the income distribution, health is better at higher levels of income.

The relationship between income and health can be two-way: lower income is associated with more ‘stressors’ that can harm health and allow fewer opportunities for good health. Poor health can limit the opportunity for good and stable employment, which affects income.

These charts explore the relationship between income and health, as well as the trends and inequalities in income over past years.

Relationship between income and health

Analysis

Relationship between income and health

Analysis

The share of people aged under 55 years living in the lowest income households and rating their...

Analysis

Relationship between income and healthy life expectancy by neighbourhood

Analysis

Women living in areas with higher average incomes have a higher healthy life expectancy.

Analysis

Relationship between income and healthy life expectancy by local authority

Analysis

Areas with a lower average income tend to have lower average healthy life expectancy. These areas...

Trends and inequalities in income

Analysis

Trends in income growth

Analysis

Income growth has been weak across the distribution for the last 15 years and has been worse for the...

Analysis

Change in share of working-age adults receiving Universal Credit during the coronavirus pandemic by local authority

Analysis

There were large increases in the proportion of adults receiving Universal Credit during the...

Explore other subtopics within Money and resources
Persistent poverty
This relates to a person living in poverty for a prolonged period of time
Poverty
This relates to how poverty affects health

Explore the topics

Health inequalities

Money and resources

Work

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This is part of Evidence hub: What drives health inequalities?

Data, insights and analysis exploring how the circumstances in which we live shape our health
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