Malawi has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in Africa and a high rate of neonatal mortality. Although there is growing evidence of a trend towards a lower maternal mortality rate, the country is unlikely to meet its ambitious target to achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for a reduction in maternal mortality by 2015.

While Malawi may meet its target for reductions in child mortality, neonatal mortality lags behind.

The MaiKhanda programme

In 2006, we launched a five year programme with a consortium of international experts. MaiKhanda – which means ‘mother and baby’ in Chichewa – aimed to reduce by 30% the number of maternal and neonatal deaths in the Lilongwe, Kasungu and Salima districts of Malawi, working within the strategy already established by the Malawi Ministry of Health’s roadmap for maternal health.

The four approaches were:

  • community mobilisation only
  • healthcare facility improvements only
  • a combination of community mobilisation and healthcare facility improvements
  • no intervention (the control group).

The programme was innovative in its ambition to combine two large-scale interventions:

  • A community mobilisation intervention, using a participatory action group cycle focused on women’s groups that had shown some promising evidence of effectiveness from international studies.
  • A quality improvement intervention, working first in nine hospitals that provide comprehensive emergency obstetric care, and later in 29 health centres that provide some elements of basic emergency obstetric care.

Key partners

Three organisations were invited to form a consortium to design and deliver the programme, working in partnership with University College London, which would deliver an independent evaluation:

the Institute for Healthcare Improvement
Women and Children First (UK)
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, with administrative support from Liverpool Associates in Tropical Health

Over 1,000 newborn lives saved

As MaiKhanda moves into its next phase, the independent evaluation estimates that over 1,000 newborn lives have been saved so far.

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