Social exclusion
A transport system that is easily accessible, reliable and affordable provides access to work, education, services and social participation

of unemployed people turned down a job or decided not to apply for a job due to transport-related problems.
of people who currently commute to work using a private vehicle believe that it would be difficult to find an alternative mode of transport.
1 in 3
of those who commute by public transport, walking or cycling experience transport difficulties.

A transport system that is easily accessible, reliable and affordable contributes to life satisfaction and wellbeing in multiple ways. It enables access to work, friends and family, as well as health-supporting facilities, such as schools, colleges, parks, libraries and – more directly – health care centres.

Barriers to people using public transport vary geographically, and across demographic groups, but they all have the power to make it hard – or completely impossible – for people to access essential aspects of day-to-day life. This can contribute to stress, fatigue, low mood and social exclusion.

The charts in this section explore trends and inequalities in social exclusion and transport.

Trends and inequalities in social exclusion and transport


Difficulties in job searching due to problems with transport


Problems with transport can limit job opportunities, especially for people seeking work.


Inequalities in who relies on a private vehicle to travel to work


Many people believe that they do not have an adequate transport alternative to a private vehicle.


Transport problems when travelling to work


Transport quality is the greatest difficulty experienced by commuters travelling by public...

Explore other subtopics within Transport
Active travel
This relates to walking and cycling as part of routine travel – whether for an entire journey, part of one, or to access public transport
Transport trends
This relates to significant changes in how we travel, and how transport is funded

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Health inequalities

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Neighbourhoods and surroundings

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Family, friends and community

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This is part of Evidence hub: What drives health inequalities?

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