Get home, close the door, sink on to the sofa after a hard day. A familiar image? Adverts depicting smiling, happy people in lovely homes surround us. Having your own home is clearly an aspiration for our society.
Houses are more than physical structures providing shelter. They are homes – where we bring up our families, socialise with friends, our own space where we can unwind, keep our possessions safe and take refuge from the rest of the world. They’re where we spend most of our time.
Where we live can influence our health through many means. Our new infographic illustrates the main ways in which the links between housing and health play out.
It’s clear that housing conditions can influence our physical health. For example, a warm and dry house can improve general health outcomes and specifically reduce respiratory conditions. However, housing also has a huge influence on our mental health and wellbeing – children living in crowded homes are more likely be stressed, anxious and depressed, have poorer physical health, and attain less well at school.
While developing this infographic, I’ve also been house hunting. Looking down my list of requirements, it struck me that many of them were not about the house itself. Affordability was a huge factor, as was how easy it was to get to work, and travel to see friends and family. Living where you can afford and having security in knowing you won’t be kicked out at a moment’s notice helps us to put down roots and have a stable base. I realised I was also looking for a sense of community and belonging – somewhere I can feel linked to my neighbours and surroundings. I’m lucky that I have a degree of choice in where I live – but many don’t.
Housing has rarely been out of the news in recent months. As we highlight, 1 in 5 dwellings in England do not meet the Decent Homes standard, and a third of these are in the private rental sector, the fastest growing segment of the UK housing market. There is also unequal distribution of good quality housing. Those who are elderly or young, isolated, without a support network, and adults with disabilities are more likely to be affected. It’s not surprising that young people are concerned about this when they spend nearly a quarter of their income on housing – a theme that we are exploring in our work on the Young People’s Inquiry.
Throughout this series, we have been looking at the bigger picture of what makes us healthy. This infographic highlights the important contribution of housing. Where we live can promote our health if it is:
- affordable and provides a stable and secure base
- a place where we feel safe and comfortable
- able to provide for all the household’s requirements
- connected to community, work and services.
‘A safe, settled home is the cornerstone on which individuals and families build a better quality of life, access services they need and gain greater independence.’ This quote from Jake Eliot, formerly of the National Housing Federation, clearly illustrates how housing is key to improved health and wellbeing. Investing in housing, particularly for vulnerable people, can also affect and avoid costs for other public services, reducing costs of health services and residential care, for example.
We hope that this infographic further advances the recognition of the important links between housing and health. We also hope it helps support our colleagues working across housing, health, social care and other key areas such as planning to realise the vital contribution that they make in enabling good health and wellbeing. Working to ensure an adequate and affordable housing supply is not only a matter of social justice. As we illustrate, it also helps to support and improve people’s immediate and long term health prospects – and is fundamental to a society where people can flourish and realise their potential.
Joia de Sa is Public Health Specialty Registrar, working with the Health Foundation to develop our Healthy Lives infographics.
Housing services can be designed to tackle both health and housing needs simultaneously.
A care navigator for Pathway within the Royal London hospital discusses the effect that housing can have on our health.
Over the past 5 years of my life, I have been a renter. My experience of living in rented accommodation has not often been gr...
You might also like...
This briefing presents the main findings from research commissioned by the Health Foundation and carried out by the FrameWork...
Health Foundation selects five projects for new programme on taking action on the social determinants of health
The Health Foundation has selected five projects to take part in its new programme to improve people’s health by taking actio...
Creating ACE-informed places: promoting a whole-system approach to tackling adverse childhood experiences in local communities
This project is aiming to improve how effectively public services in England prevent and mitigate the negative impact of adve...
Health Foundation @HealthFdn
Why are health inequalities and the social determinants often left out from the public debate about health? Our ne… https://t.co/XjtZAONMsVFollow us on Twitter
Work with us
We look for talented and passionate individuals as everyone at the Health Foundation has an important role to play.View current vacancies
The Q Community
Q is an initiative connecting people with improvement expertise across the UK.Find out more