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Efficiency and productivity of the health and social care system A long-term, continuous focus on efficiency and productivity is essential to ensure health care quality


Efficiency – also described as allocative efficiency – means the best possible use of available funding in order to resource. Improved productivity is improving the quantity or quality of health outcomes with the same amount and type of resource (staff, hospitals and medical technology).

Despite the challenges it is facing, NHS productivity has increased at a higher rate than that of the wider UK economy. But, in the face of high projected spending growth and restricted funding, further increases in productivity are still required for a sustainable health and social care system.

Health is wealth?

  • Thought paper
  • November 2022

In his REAL Challenge lecture, Andrew Haldane, Chief Executive of the RSA, argues health has rarely mattered more to the UK's growth and resilience.

REAL Centre
Health is wealth? cover

New analysis reveals future NHS beds shortage

  • Press release
  • 13 July 2022

With England having fewer beds per person than comparable countries, new analysis raises big questions for incoming government over where investment should go to alleviate pressures in hospitals.

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