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Webinar: Health in 2040: what could an older population mean for the UK’s health?

Tuesday 12 September 2023, 11.45–13.00

Less than a minute to read
Watch the webinar and download the slides now

We’ve known for a long while that our population is getting older. Life expectancy is increasing and the baby boomer generation is reaching old age. While living longer is something to celebrate, this will have profound implications for our society.

In July, the Health Foundation’s REAL Centre published a new report that explores the projected health of the population, looking at patterns of illness in the population of England to 2040. It showed that 9.1 million people in England are projected to be living with major illness by 2040, 2.5 million more than in 2019.

This webinar convened experts to explore what the findings mean for how we might need to change as a society, and what can we do to better prepare for the future.

Health in 2040: what could an older population mean for the UK’s health?


Paul joined Age UK as its Chief Executive in October 2022.

Before joining Age UK, Paul was Chief Executive at Mind, the leading mental health charity working in England and Wales, a position he had held since 2006.
Paul is a Commissioner at Historic England and a Non-Executive Director for NHS Frimley Integrated Care Board. He is a member of the NHS Assembly.
Paul co-authored 'Thriving at Work' for the Government, which led to significant changes in workplace mental health, and co-chaired the 5 Year Forward View for Mental Health, leading to additional funding for NHS mental health services.

He has an Honorary Doctorate of Science from the University of East London. He is an Honorary Fellow of St Peter's College, Oxford and The Royal College of Psychiatrists. In 2016, Paul was awarded a CBE in the New Year's Honours list for services to mental health.

Paul has seen first-hand both the best and the worst of the ways that older people are treated in our society and wants to play his part in changing the experiences of older people.

Paul Farmer headshot

Kamila has been a GP for 34 years, with 27 of them spent working in South Wales. She qualified from Somerville College, Oxford, in 1984, and completed her GP training in Nottingham in 1988. Kamila is currently Chair of RCGP Council, having taken up office in November 2022. She was Head of the Graduate Entry Medicine Programme at Swansea University and is on the Trustee Boards of the Kings Fund. She is also a Bevan Commissioner and a Fellow of the Learned Society of Wales.
Kamila has a deep interest in medical education, and believes that we should be training excellent, caring and inclusive clinicians, for a global society. She is passionate about the role of GPs in patient care and as advocates for patients.
Her research and clinical working interests have been in health inequalities and access to health services, (her MD was based on working with BAME patient groups with Type 2 diabetes in Nottingham, Manchester and Cardiff). With wide experience of general practice and running community projects in diabetes and heart disease, she has been named ‘GP of the Year’ twice and was awarded an MBE in 2017 for services to General Practice.

Kamila Hawthorne photo

Sarah Price is Chief Officer for Population Health and Inequalities and Deputy Chief Executive at NHS Greater Manchester Integrated Care.


Sarah Price

Toby runs the health and care demand work for the REAL Centre: focusing on in depth econometric analysis of large data sets. In a new programme of work, in partnership with the University of Liverpool, the REAL Centre is developing a microsimulation model of health care demand. This will analyse trends in non-communicable disease, treatment and health care utilisation across the NHS. This model will include the ever changing inputs of population risk factors, health care technology, improvement in health care outcomes and multi-morbidity.

We hope this model will help us to understand the changing burden of disease in the UK, allowing health, social care and public policy makers to make informed long-term decisions about the future health of the population.

Toby has developed expertise in the use of primary care data, primarily in the analysis of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on primary care utilisation using the patient level data.

Under the Bloomsbury Colleges scholarship, Toby is completing a PhD part time on Public Health Economics at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He is analysing the impact of food and drink price promotions on population health. 

Toby worked in competition economics at a consultancy for two years before moving to the Health Foundation. He has been a tutor in econometrics for the MSc Economics course at Birkbeck, University of London. 

Toby gained a first in Economics from the University of Bristol and a distinction in the MSc Economics programme at University College London. 

Toby Watt, Senior Economics Analyst at the Health Foundation


Anita Charlesworth is the Director of Research and the REAL Centre (Research and Economic Analysis for the Long term) at the Health Foundation, and Honorary Professor in the College of Social Sciences at the Health Services Management Centre (HSMC) at the University of Birmingham.

She is a health economist and has a background in government and public policy. Before joining the Health Foundation in May 2014, Anita was Chief Economist at the Nuffield Trust (2010–14). Prior to that she had roles as Chief Analyst and Chief Scientific Advisor at DCMS (2007–10), Director of Public Spending at the Treasury (1998–2007) and worked as an Economic Advisor at the Department of Health and for SmithKline Beecham pharmaceuticals. 

She has worked as a non-executive director in the NHS – for Islington PCT (2007–2011) and The Whittington Hospital (2011–2016). In 2022 she was appointed as non-executive director for North West London Integrated Care System.

Anita was specialist advisor to the House of Lords' Select Committee on the long-term sustainability of the NHS in 2016/17 and is currently an expert adviser for the Health and Social Care Select Committee.

Anita has an MSc in Health Economics from the University of York. She is a Trustee for Tommy’s, the baby charity, and chair of the Office of Health Economics. She was awarded a CBE in The Queen's 2017 Birthday Honours List for Services to Economics and Health Policy.

Anita Charlesworth, Director of Research and Economics at the Health Foundation

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