COVID-19 chart series The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has delivered a profound shock to the UK. We'll be exploring five dimensions of impact as they unfold – from the health and care system through to people’s daily lives

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Even though the pandemic has many months to go, pressure is increasing to start planning for ‘after COVID’. The virus will have taken an uneven toll on an already unequal society. For services to meet people’s needs in the future, the stronger the evidence base, the better equipped they will be. The series of charts is intended to make a small contribution, and begin to make sense of the landscape left in COVID-19’s wake.


COVID-19: Five dimensions of impact

29 April 2020

Over the next few weeks the Health Foundation will be publishing a series of charts, attempting to...


COVID-19 policy tracker

A timeline of national policy and health system responses to COVID-19 in England.

Direct impact of COVID-19

The first dimension is the direct impact of the virus itself, in terms of death and serious illness, including inequalities in who is most affected.


Do all care home residents face an equal risk of dying from COVID-19?

Care homes have been on the front line of the COVID-19 outbreak, but why have some areas of the...


What has been the impact of COVID-19 on care homes and the social care workforce?

High death rates sustained during the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrate the stark impact of the virus on...


Understanding excess mortality: international comparisons

This chart compares changes in excess deaths as a proportion of usual deaths during the COVID-19...


Care homes have seen the biggest increase in deaths since the start of the outbreak

Deaths in care homes from all causes are starting to stabilise but remain 159% higher than at the...


Weekly registered deaths in 2020: tracker

Our weekly tracker showing the latest available data on mortality from all causes in 2020, as part...


Black and minority ethnic workers make up a disproportionately large share of key worker sectors in London

This chart looks at the proportion of workers in each identifiable key sector, and non-key sectors...

Impact on acute care

The second dimension of concern is the indirect impact on people with acute conditions not related to COVID-19. We will be tracking some of the big shifts in care and their impact, including postponed treatments, redeployed staff and drops in A&E usage.


How is COVID-19 changing the use of emergency care?

Elaine Kelly and Zoe Firth look at how activity in the emergency care sector has changed since the...


How is COVID-19 changing the use of emergency care by region?

Recent NHS England data show that A&E visits in April 2020 were the lowest since records began. This...


Visits to A&E departments in England in April 2020 fell by 57% compared to last year

NHS England data show coronavirus has had a seismic impact on how people are using health services

Non-acute care including general practice

A third dimension of disruption will affect people with chronic conditions, or people needing less urgent care, which may have been interrupted. Understanding how this has affected access to general practice and other services will be critical.


How might COVID-19 have affected people’s ability to see their GP?

The data suggest that some face to face GP appointments may have been replaced by virtual...

The lockdown and social distancing

The fourth dimension will be the medium and long-term impact on health and health inequalities of the government interventions to restrict movement to curb the transmission of COVID-19.


Overcrowding is highest for those with low incomes

People in lower income households are more likely to be in overcrowded accommodation than those in...

Long read

Will COVID-19 be a watershed moment for health inequalities?

About 15 mins to read

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, and the wider governmental and societal response, have brought...

NHS and social care capacity and resilience

The fifth dimension is the longer term impact on service capacity and resilience, including the impact on the workforce.


Going into COVID-19, the health and social care workforce faced concerning shortages

The NHS faces a workforce shortfall of over 115,000 full-time equivalent staff in England this year,...

Further reading


Responding to COVID-19

How the Health Foundation is supporting the health and care system.

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