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Income
There is a well-established link between income and variations in health, with people on lower incomes more likely to have poor health.

Key stats

Almost 1 in 8
children are experiencing material deprivation (lacking access to essential items) and living in a low-income household (11%).
31%
of people on the lowest incomes say they are not in good health, compared to 12% of people on the highest incomes.
4.5%
is how much household income has grown for the poorest 10% of families since 2002/03. Growth was 10.9% for the richest 10%.

There is a well-established link between income and variations in health, with people on lower incomes more likely to be in poor health. It is not simply the case that people in poverty have worse health than people who are not in poverty. Across the income distribution, health is better as the level of income rises.

The relationship between income and health can be two-way: lower income is associated with more sources of stress that can harm health and restrict people from improving their health. Poor health can limit the opportunity for good and stable employment, which affects income.

These charts explore the relationship between income and health, as well as trends and inequalities in income.

Relationship between income and health

Trends and inequalities in income

Explore other subtopics within Money and resources
Poverty
Poverty is a risk to health, with persistent poverty more strongly associated with worse health than shorter exposures.
Debt
There is a strong link between debt and health, with people in problem debt more likely to have worse health.

Explore the topics

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Health inequalities

Money and resources
Poverty | Income | Debt

Work
Quality | Unemployment | Security

Housing
Affordability | Quality | Stability | Security

Transport
Active travel | Social exclusion | Trends

Family, friends and community
Personal relationships | Community cohesion

Our surroundings
Pollution | Green space | Safety | Amenities

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This is part of Evidence hub: What drives health inequalities?

Data, insights and analysis exploring how the circumstances in which we live shape our health
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