Key points

  • This report highlights that a multi-faceted approach is needed to enable effective self-care. It identifies five enabling factors:
    • growth mindset, self-efficacy and ‘grit’
    • removing friction costs (i.e. removing increases in effort required to perform a behaviour)
    • social connections
    • intrinsic motivation
    • goal setting and feedback.

Drawing on robust studies of what influences behaviour, this report sets out a number of factors that can lead to greater involvement in self-care.

    This report provides a framework for understanding the drivers of behaviour and includes examples and case studies to illustrate how the theories work in practice.

    And explores the behavioural science theories that suggest new ways of enabling people and communities to take a more active role in managing their own health. These new approaches may help realise the vision set out in the NHS Five Year Forward View.

    This report provides an accessible introduction to the theories of change behind a series of action-focused guides that will be published as part of the Realising the Value programme in autumn 2016.

    It is aimed at policymakers, commissioners, service designers and organisations working to promote more person- and community-centered approaches for health and wellbeing.

    Further reading

    Research report

    Spreading change

    September 2016
    Research report

    This guide outlines how behavioural science can help spread the take-up of person- and...

    Research report

    Supporting self-management

    September 2016
    Research report

    This guide outlines how the science of behaviour can help people to self-manage their health and...

    Research report

    At the heart of health: Realising the value of people and communities

    February 2016
    Research report

    Explores the value of people and communities at the heart of health, in support of the NHS Five Year...

    You might also like...

    Journal article

    A systematic review of nudge interventions to optimize medication prescribing

    Journal article

     Interventions to optimize medication prescribing


    Public perceptions of health and social care: expectations tracker


    The expectations tracker, produced in partnership with Ipsos, will monitor changing public...


    Enabling service transformation in practice: reflections on the Wade-Gery review


    Will the Wade-Gery review enable the NHS to make a leap forwards on tech and data? Tim Horton...

    Kjell-bubble-diagramArtboard 101 copy

    Get social

    COVID-19 has brought disruption to health care systems around the world. Our analysis explores how services in the…

    Follow us on Twitter
    Kjell-bubble-diagramArtboard 101

    Work with us

    We look for talented and passionate individuals as everyone at the Health Foundation has an important role to play.

    View current vacancies
    Artboard 101 copy 2

    The Q community

    Q is an initiative connecting people with improvement expertise across the UK.

    Find out more